The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is a small herding dog breed known for its adorable looks and intelligence. It descended from Spitz-type dogs, which means it is related to breeds like the Keeshond, the Siberian Husky, and the Chow Chow.
According to legend, the Corgis were presents from the fairies. This is just an old story but this breed does have some fine qualities, which may seem ‘enchanting’ to some people. Find out more about this beautiful breed as you read along.
Things You Must Know About the Pembroke Welsh Corgi
What is a Pembroke Welsh Corgi?
A Corgi is easily recognized by its fox-like face, short and small body, and upright, slightly tapered ears. But there is another breed of Corgi, the Cardigan Welsh Corgi, which basically looks like the Pembroke. There is little difference between these two breeds but the Pembroke Welsh Corgi somehow became more popular than the Cardigan.
Where is the Pembroke Welsh Corgi from?
The Pembroke Welsh Corgi was primarily developed in Pembrokeshire, Wales. The term ‘corgi’ is derived from two Welsh words, ‘cor’ (dwarf) and ‘ci’ (dog).
Others think the Pem descended from the herding dogs brought by the Vikings to Wales. Some also believe it descended from the dogs that came to Wales with the Flemish weavers. The breed’s history is not very clear but it can be surmised that its ancestors came from mainland Europe and it has been around as early as the Middle Ages.
There are actually two breeds of Welsh Corgis: the Pembroke and the Cardigan. The Pem is the younger breed. It deviated from the Cardigan line around the 1930s. Since then, both became popular as separate breeds. But the Pem gained more attention as it is favored by Queen Elizabeth II.
What does a Pembroke Welsh Corgi look like?
A Pembroke Welsh Corgi has a long, low-set body and a fox-like face. It stands at 10 to 12 inches at the withers and weighs not more than 30 pounds.
This breed has the following traits:
- Longer than tall body
- Oval, medium-sized eyes, in shades of brown, surrounded by very dark eye rims
- Pricked ears, medium-sized, slightly tapered at the tip
- Black nose
- Typically straight (may be very slightly wavy) double coat
- Fur is thicker and longer on the neck, chest, and shoulders
- Coat colors are sable, fawn, red, black and tan with white markings (or without)
A Pem may be born without a tail. If it’s born with a tail, some owners choose to have it docked to follow the traditional breed standard. But docking is illegal in some countries.
What is the Pembroke Welsh Corgi like?
The Pem is known to be intelligent, lively, and affectionate. It is mostly eager to please its owner but it can be stubborn at times.
This breed’s herding instinct is still intact, which explains why it has the tendency to chase after things. It is also the reason why this dog tends to nip at people’s feet or ankles.
Aside from herding, the Pem also has the skills of a watchdog. This dog may be generally friendly but it is alert as well as suspicious of strangers.
A Pem typically gets along with children and other pets. Its tendency to nip can be a problem, however. But this behavior can be corrected through proper training and early socialization.
One thing a Pem loves, besides its owner, of course, is food. This dog really likes to eat, which basically means it is prone to becoming obese. Owners must practice not overindulging their Pems to counter obesity.
When is a Pembroke Welsh Corgi full grown?
Pems reach their adult size when they are about a year old. They continue to fill out in weight until they are about two years old, probably even more. They become emotionally and behaviorally mature by then as well. But all dogs are different and they reach maturity at their own rate.
How long does the Pembroke Welsh Corgi live?
The Pembroke Welsh Corgi has an average lifespan of about 12 to 14 years.
Some health issues commonly associated with the breed are Intervertebral disc disease (IDD) and Canine degenerative myelopathy, both spinal problems. Dwarf dog breeds like Corgis are prone to suffering health issues in the spine—moreso if these dogs are obese.
Symptoms of spinal issues include back pain, sensitivity to touch, inability to raise the head, arched back, lameness, reluctance to move, and slow movement, difficulty in balancing, etc.
A Pembroke may also suffer:
Are Pembroke Welsh Corgi dogs hypoallergenic?
Pembroke Welsh Corgis are not hypoallergenic. They are double-coated and they shed a lot. With shedding comes more dander, a common allergen found in dogs and cats.
No breed is completely non-allergenic but some breeds really are better. The dog breeds that are considered hypoallergenic usually do not shed much.
Are Pembroke Welsh Corgis easy to train?
But as Corgis are smart they appear stubborn sometimes. They may make up their own ‘rules’ and assert independence. Owners need to be confident enough to establish leadership. It’s important they know some dog training tips as well before they begin training their Corgi pups.
How much do Pembroke Welsh Corgi puppies cost?
Good quality Pembroke Welsh Corgi puppies can cost around USD $800 to $2,000. The selling price varies depending on your location, the quality of the puppy’s line (show or pet quality), and the breeder’s reputation.
Learn more Corgi facts in this Best Breeds Ever video:
The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is this smart, happy, little dog. It may be tiny but it has lots of love to give, probably even in excess, to kind and equally loveable owners. It is no surprise it is considered one of the most popular dog breeds in the U.S. today.
What do you think of the Pembroke Welsh Corgi? Is this the breed you want for a companion? Share your thoughts by writing a comment below. Read more posts like this to learn more about dogs.
Featured image via Omlet Limited