The Dachshund may be small but it has the skills of a good hunting dog. As the breed is petite, with low legs and a long body, it can easy get into holes that bigger dogs can’t. This trait gives the Dachshund the physical advantage to go after small game such as badgers, foxes, rabbits, and other animals living in tunnels and burrows.
Nowadays, the Dachshund, also called affectionately as ‘weiner dog’ and ‘doxie’, has become more popular as home companions, especially to people living in urban areas.
Dachshund Dogs and Puppies
What is a Dachshund?
The Dachshund is one of the most popular dog breeds in the U.S. today. This breed does not only have an adorable look but it has good temperament as well. It is typically playful, lively, and courageous. But take note that this dog can also be rash and stubborn.
Learn more about the Dachshund in this post and find out if this is the right breed for you.
Where is the Dachshund from?
The Dachshund was originally bred in Germany to hunt den animals like badgers, other small game, and even deer. The breed (or dogs resembling the breed) back then had a variety of German names translating to “badger warrior,” “badger dog,” “hole dogs,” among others. It was developed to go after its prey by tracking their scent, which makes the Dachshund a scent hound. The variety bred in Germany centuries ago might have been bigger than the modern Dachshund.
It was in the 1800s when the breed became more popular as pets, especially among the upper class. Queen Victoria of Great Britain owned a Dachshund, as did many other royals.
The first batch of Dachshund dogs was brought to America in the late 1800s. The breed became popular in the country for a few decades; but, its popularity decreased during World War I. At that time, Dachshunds were seen as a symbol of Germany.
After that period, the Dachshund slowly gained popularity again. It is actually one of the most popular dog breeds today in the U.S.
What does a Dachshund look like?
The Dachshund is popularly known as this small, short-legged, long-bodied dog breed with droopy ears. It has a longer snout that allows it to register smell more profoundly than other breeds. The breed has loose skin, although not as loose as a Basset Hound’s. This allows Doxies to go into tunnels, without tearing their skin. The breed has big, paddle-like front paws, the shape of which are quite helpful in digging holes.
When it comes to size, Dachshunds can be categorized into two: standard or miniature. A mature standard-sized Dachshund can weigh between 7.3 kg and 15 kg. Meanwhile, a miniature Dachshund weighs around or under 5 kg.
Their coats come in different colors and patterns. They can be single-colored or have dapple, brindle, sable, or piebald patterns in these colors: red, cream, black, tan, deep brown or chocolate brown, blue, and Isabella or fawn.
When it comes to coat varieties, the breed can also be categorized into three. Dachshunds can be smooth-haired, long-haired, or wire-haired coats. The smooth-coated variety is more popular in the U.S. Meanwhile, the wire-haired variety, which looks like a terrier, is more common in Germany.
The long-haired variety might have emerged through selective breeding. There may be Dachshunds that were born with longer hair and were bred exclusively with other Dachshunds of the same hair quality. It is also possible that the smooth-haired were bred with spaniels.
The wire-haired type might have been the result of breeding smooth-haired Dachshunds with terriers or wire-haired pinschers.
What is a Dachshund like?
It’s no wonder why many owners have come to choose Dachshund dogs as their companions—they are playful, charming, and clever little creatures. They’re loyal and courageous as well. But they can be very determined and would sometimes be quite rash. Like other hounds, Dachshunds can be stubborn and owners might find them difficult to train. And because they’re originally bred as hunting dogs, they express their innate desire to chase after stuff sometimes. They are challenging to deal with once outdoors and off the leash.
Dachshunds can be aggressive toward strangers and other animals. Exposing them socially at a young age can help counter this. They can be noisy barkers too.
Their personalities can be distinguished based on their coat variety. The wire-haired type might be more playful and energetic (even mischievous). The long-haired type, meanwhile, is said to be calmer, and the smooth-haired Doxies more attached to owners. But, it is important to remember that there are many factors that can affect the temperament of a breed aside from variety.
When do Dachshund puppies mature?
A Dachshund can reach physical maturity between 12 to 18 months. Dogs, in general, can mature mentally at around 18 to 24 months.
What causes the Dachshund’s back problems?
Many people find the Dachshund’s long body unique and adorable. But this endearing quality is also the breed’s Achilles heel. Because it has a long back, the Dachshund is prone to having back problems, like Intervertebral Disc Disease (IVDD)–which is hereditary. Aside from genetics, old age and minor or major injuries can have a negative impact on the breed’s spine.
Spinal injuries can be severe and would lead to paralysis. When this happens, a Dachshund might need a canine wheelchair to move about.
How can I take care of a Dachshund Dogs and Puppies?
Dachshunds have special needs because of their tendency to develop back problems as they age. Not all of them end up having back injuries. But, to keep this from happening, or at least reduce the chances for it to ever occur, owners need to put more effort in taking care of their Dachshunds.
One thing owners could do is to provide their Dachshunds a balanced and measured meal; treats should be given in moderation. The unnecessary, extra weight can strain the Doxies’ back. And owners don’t want that to happen.
It would also help if Dachshunds get regular exercise to build their bodies’ strength. However, strenuous and body-twisting activities should be avoided. A simple brisk walk around the park will do.
Dachshunds should also be kept away from getting to high places. Making them climb a steep flight of stairs can strain their backs. When there is no ramp or elevator, owners should pick them up and carry them properly on both arms.
Are Dachshund good apartment dogs?
Dachshunds are actually popular apartment dogs. They are relatively easier to manage in apartment homes because they are small. Moreover, they don’t require vigorous exercise, which is an advantage to pet owners who live in cities and are busy. But they would be happy to be taken out for walks outdoors, too. These short excursions can also help improve their social skills.
Because they are small, people might be tempted to always carry them around like Chihuahuas. But they must remember that Dachshunds have fragile backs. Carrying them improperly can injure them.
Are Dachshunds good with other dogs?
Dachshunds can get along with other dogs. However, they have a tendency to be aggressive towards unfamiliar people and dogs, especially if these dogs are bigger. That’s why it’s important to start enhancing their socialization skills at a young age. When they’re introduced to other dogs and pets during ‘puppyhood’, it’s very likely that they get along well.
Learn more Dachshund dogs and puppy facts in this video from Best Breed Ever:
The Dachshund can be a wonderful pet. Yes, this breed is a bit brash and stubborn. But this less desirable behavior can be corrected through early socialization and training. Do you think the Dachshund has the qualities you are looking for in a pet? Share your thoughts by writing a comment below.
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Featured image via UrDogs